As we all know, Internet of Things is a brand new future in world, the low cost and the convenience in every corner of daily life absolutely may change our future life style. It is a very powerful weapon not only to control the masses but also to control every object they use.
China will start exploring the ‘Internet of Things’ very soon also. Within a government context, the areas of application would be public assets/facilities management, environmental surveillance, disaster management, and remote monitoring of health. Pervasive adoption of Internet of Things will not only help government solve many practical issues, meanwhile it will generate a big industry ecosystem which is beneficial for the society as a whole
There are few hurdles preventing adoption currently, such as lack of standards and a scarcity of proven successes. In order to leverage Internet of Things successfully, governments would have to clearly identify their needs and work out a clear structure for different stakeholders to work together. Here below, there are some specific points that china has to fix on the way, and also i think it is a positive approach to have a pre-view of our Marco Polo2.0 entering China——the very special emerging market in the world.
1．Policies and regulations.
Internet of Things is not a small product, nor a small business can do that. it requires not only technology, but also a variety of forces of integration which is involved in every industry. Therefore, the country’s industrial policy and legislation should be in the front to ensure the normal development of the industry by formulating suitable policies and regulations for the development of this industry.
We all know that the automotive industry is a major industry in economic development. for a very long time, China’s auto industry policy-making dominated by the hands of a number of interest groups, such as FAW, SAIC these cars factories, affect the country’s policy formulation and dominate this industry to a large extent through state-owned enterprises, an important industry on behalf of, which makes the new force can not enter the Chinese automobile industry. These groups simply do not work hard or make any progress to conduct research and development after they benefit, but think the only one way of development is the joint venture. The result is Chinese car industry was not well developed, but the one making money is foreign business, while consumers in China has been paid far higher than the international market to buy a car more than 10 years. However, the industrial policy is changed and Chery, Geely, BYD these enterprises entered the automotive industry, China’s automotive industry developed at high speed, and continuous showing new models with the prices greatly reducing.
After World War II, the U.S. economy once is not particularly strong, but by the 90s of last century, the U.S. information superhighway program is not only government investment, but also give a lot of support in industrial policy, which lead to high-speed development of the U.S. information industry, and now the world’s PC and Internet-based information industries are complete controlled by the hands of the Americans, which not only benefit a lot, but also received great political interests and culture & communication values.
So for the complex Internet of Things there must be government policy supported. In order to have true meaning of development, the Government should form dedicated and specialized agencies to study and coordinate, otherwise, it can only modicum of success, rather than perfect.
2.The unification and harmony of technology standard.
With the development of the internet, the problem of unifying the standard of the internet is solved wonderfully. There are unified TCP/IP protocol and router protocol which are worldwide used. There is also perfect solution to unify the operation system. Therefore, we can surfer online no matter whichever computer we are using and wherever we are. During the development of Internet of Things, new technology will be invented in sensor layer, transfer layer and application layer. Different precept will be also used. If there is not a unified standard, serious problems will come out. Quite a lot of intranets which are in very small scale would not make up of an internet and also can not form an integrated business model or economies of scale. Thus the research budget would not decrease. As a result, how to unify the technology standard and form a management mechanism will become a urgent problem. If we solve the problems successfully at first, the rest problem will become easy. Otherwise, things will become more and more difficult.
This issue is also relating to the first one. How can the unify standard be built without government management and relevant policy?
What is Internet of Things? We usually mention RFID which is known as sensor. Actually, sensor has been already invented. Although the technology of sensor is still developing, it is not difficult to do the research in a high level. Where is the key value of the Internet of Things? It is in the internet but not the things. Sensor is easy technology and the information of things which is detecting by the sensor is meaningless if there is no network to manage them. Therefore, building a nationwide, integrated management platform, which is used to collect and manage the information by different subject, becomes very important. A small business department may use the sensor technology. However, it cannot build an efficiency nationwide network. Without the management platform, the single network must be low efficiency and high budget. Therefore, it will not be continue developing and will not benefit anyone.
The carrier of telecommunication is the most powerful one to join the construction of this platform. It is also possible that there would be other department comes out to construct it. It is believable that the builders of this platform will get better position and benefit most.
4.Composing of the security system.
The sensor technology of the Internet of Things bases on using RFID. Products which embed this kind of chip can be identified and managed by humans. However, troubles are coming while the host is managing and identifying the products. Products information can be known by others while being identified and managed by hosts. How to protect privacy of the product during managing and identifying, especially prevent competitor from getting these important information becomes a serious problem. It makes people focus on designing the security system. There will be a couple of secure problems such as which kind of secure problem will come and how to fix them. These problems are complex and unclear. And they must be treated carefully by the management platform supplier. If these problems are not solved well enough, the Internet of Things will become a platform of sharing privacy for competitors. Thus the importance of Internet of Things will declined and there will nobody wants to try it.
5.Development of application
The Internet of Things is not only a sensor network, but also everyone to take part in. Different industries will apply it in different ways and have different requests. The constructive development depends on the request of the industries. It cannot rely on the carrier and the department of Internet of Things. Both of them would not understand the major points of the network. It is hard and it takes time. It needs to wait for the network accomplished and benefit the traditional industry. Thus more and more companies could find out the advantage of Internet of Things and they would find out why it is worth to use. Then they will connect their business and the Internet of Things.
It is just the beginning of Internet of Things. The benefits will not appear unless each member of our society works hard. Although there are quite a lot of problems need to be fixed, these five problems major problems. Once we can offer a good solution of these five problems, we will build a fabulous Internet of Things.